- Mississippi ranks 12th nationally in soybean production
- Soybeans are grown in 40 counties in the state generally in the northern half
- Because of research and new varieties, the average yield has increased to 52 bushels per acre
- Mississippi produced over 104 million bushels on 3274 farms in 2017
- Soybeans brought in $1.11 billion to the state’s economy in 2017
Vast changes have taken place in recent years in soybean production in Mississippi. Previous practices included planting maturity Groups VI and VII while planting the bulk of acreage in maturity Groups IV and V is standard practice today.
An Early Soybean Production System (ESPS) has become a popular practice for many Mississippi growers. In recent years, much of the soybean crop in Mississippi has been planted by the end of May, whereas in the past, over one-third was usually not planted until after June 1st.
In terms of production value, soybeans are the top row crop and number three on the list of agricultural commodities in Mississippi behind poultry and forestry. Mississippi average soybean yields during the 1980’s were 21 bushels per acre. During the 1990’s, state average yields increased to 26 bushels per acre. Since 2000, average soybean yields in Mississippi have increased to 36 bushels per acre. The state average yield for soybean in 2011 was 41 bushels per acre which was a record high for the state.
Under current practices, two of the most important management decisions in soybean production are variety selection and planting date. There are numerous factors that affect soybean production, but variety selection and planting date set the course for determining the overall yield potential of the crop.